Water Footprint in Agriculture: what it is and why to calculate it to be more sustainable.

Everything we use, wear, buy or eat requires water to be produced.

From the entire process for growing wine to car fuel or clothing production. Knowing the environmental impact this causes allows people to become more aware and limit water consumption, contributing firsthand to increased sustainability and environmental protection, as well as addressingthe water emergency that is affecting the world.

impronta idrica in agricoltura

It is necessary to address the topic and make all the necessary calculations to develop a sustainable vision of water management.

Water Footprint in Agriculture

The water footprint in agriculture identifies the impact on the environment of the production of various crops. From this perspective, it is necessary to address the topic and make all the necessary calculations to develop a sustainable vision of water management.

How is the water footprint calculated?

Water footprint is nothing more than an environmental indicator that measures the volume of fresh water consumed. To calculate the water footprint, we currently use the Water Footprint Network platform : established 15 years ago by a collaboration of associations, companies, universities and civil society to promote the transition to sustainable, equitable and efficient use of freshwater resources worldwide.

According to this method of analysis, the water footprint has 3 components:

  • Blue water footprint, which is the volume of water withdrawn from surface and groundwater resources for agricultural, domestic or industrial use. To calculate the blue water footprint, flow meters must be installed.
  • Green water footprint, indicates rainwater evaporating, in plants and soils, especially in reference to cultivated areas. Continuously updated climate information is needed to calculate this component.
  • Gray water footprint, indicates the amount of water resources needed to dilute the volume of polluted water so that the water quality, can return above the set water standards.

How to reduce the water footprint in agriculture?

One effective and sustainable way to reduce the water footprint in agriculture, without risking crop health, is through technological innovation in treatments. This means a move away from traditional high-volume, high-pressure spraying systems in which very large volumes of water are required to apply chemicals. With these systems, not only do you lose (and disperse) product and water, but you contaminate the soil by reducing biodiversity and soil fertility.

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Martignani and the water footprint

Why is Martignani technology able to substantially reduce the water footprint in agriculture?

Martignani introduced the Low Volume techniquein Agriculture in 1958. In fact, he was a pioneer and to this day, almost 70 years later, he is a leader worldwide.

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